Instructional Design Models and Theories: Schema Theory

The schema theory was one of the leading cognitivist learning theories and was introduced by Bartlett in 1932 and further developed in the ’70s by Richard Anderson. Bartlett advanced this concept to provide a basis for a temporal alternative to traditional spatial storage theories of memory, since schema theory describes the way knowledge is acquired, processed and cerebrally organized.

Continue reading

Instructional Design Models and Theories: Connectionism

Connectionism theory is based on the principle of active learning and is the result of the work of the American psychologist Edward Thorndike. This work led to Thorndike’s Laws. According to these Laws, learning is achieved when an individual is able to form associations between a particular stimulus and a response. The three main laws are the Law of Readiness, the Law of Exercise, and the Law of Effect. Continue reading